Batdorf & Bronson Coffee Roasters


Home Espresso: What It Takes

a double shot of espresso drips out of a machine and into a ristretto cup with text that says Cafe-Quality Espresso In Your Kitchen

Here at Batdorf and Bronson, we often get asked about making espresso at home.

It seems like a simple enough question, but there is more to this century-old coffee extraction practice than you might think.

According to Italian lore, to make espresso you need ‘The Four M’s’:


Proper grinding, therefore, a good burr grinder, mistakenly it is often a second-thought during planning.


‘The Blend’ referring to roasted whole bean coffee that is no more than two weeks past roast.


‘The Machine’ usually occupies the spotlight of most home systems, often imitated, a good pump driven machine is a must.


Literally ‘Hand’, refers to the skilled hand of a barista.

When you get down to it, the cost, maintenance, and time required can be a big hurdle.

If you are a true Espresso devotee and feel undaunted by the challenges, read on!

a thin slice of a closeup image of a Baratza virtuoso burr grinder overlaid with the text Macinazione

The oft-forgotten critical tool

Burrs are a must!

Most people focus so much on the machine, they forget to budget for a capable grinder.

Espresso requires a precisely fine grind, which can take several adjustments to achieve. Plan on going through a bit of coffee, just to calibrate the grinder each time you make espresso.

We've already written a great explanation of grinder technology and what to look for in a good grinder, find it here.

dramatic beams of light illumiate a Baratza Vario burr grinderTO SUM IT UP:

Bad Grinder + High-End Espresso Machine = Bad Espresso

Great Grinder + Entry-Level+ Espresso Machine = Good Espresso

Great Grinder + High-End Machine = Amazing Espresso


a think slice of a photo of a home espresso machine overlaid with the text Macchina

The "Star"

Expect to spend at least $600 for a new entry-level machine (about $400 used).

Beware! There are MANY products advertised as "Espresso Machines", but few actually achieve the necessary pressure output to produce true espresso.

About 9 bar of pressure is required to produce espresso with proper Crema, Body, and Heart.

a fully equipped Breville espresso machine sits on a counter beside portafilter and ristretto cups

 Espresso Machine Types


(Pump Driven)

User just pushes the buttons, machine does the rest, no skill required

Semi-Automatic Machines

(Pump Driven)

Manual – user starts and stops brewing process. Ideal for the home barista


Volumetric – machine stops brewing process when correct water amount dispensed (user programmed)


(User Driven)

User pulls lever to mechanically create pressure for brewing


The grinder and machine are not all

The following list contains the other must-have tools for producing the best espresso at home. 

low-angle side view of a tamper being used to compress the coffee in a portafilter


Some machines come with cheap plastic ones, but if you want to enjoy making espresso and get better results get a proper tamper

Steam Pitcher:

milk is steamed in a stainless steel pitcher using the steam-wand attached to the side of an espresso machine

Stainless steel construction, comes in varying sizes for producing large or small beverages.


a portafilter loaded with coffee sits on a kitchen scale

Steamed milk has a sweet spot, if you introduce too much heat & steam you can scorch the milk, resulting in a burnt flavor.

Digital Scale:

A scale that measures in grams with precision to .01g is extremely helpful for developing consistency from shot to shot.


two shot glasses collect the espresso that drips from the portafilter on an espresso machine

Because timing your shots is another important way to build consistency.

Shot Glasses:

For extracting your shots into, clear glasses help you visually evaluate your output.

Paint Brush:

a bottle of coffee machine cleaning powder sits on a countertop alongside a flat-head screw driver and a paint-brush and assorted espresso machine parts

Handy for cleanup, a cheap basic 1-2" brush is perfect.

Espresso Machine Cleaners:

Keeping your machine free of scale deposits and your portafilter baskets clean is much easier with the proper supplies.



Work with a dedicated Espresso Machine retailer to find a proper machine for your budget and needs, we recommend:

Espresso Parts, in Olympia, Washington.

Espresso Supply, in Seattle, Washington.

Seattle Coffee Gear, in Seattle, Washington.

a thin slice of a closeup image of coffee beans with the word Miscela overlaid on top

The fresher, the better!

Should be no more than two-weeks past the roast date.

Roasted coffee beans contain CO2, an important component during espresso extraction, which off-gasses over time. This CO2 is necessary for the generation of proper crema during extraction.

 a handsome man in a laboratory setting uses a spoon to sample coffee from a long row of shot glasses

'Specialty' Quality Arabica coffee beans

Carries a Q-Grade of 80 or Higher (Out of 100)

The best quality coffee available is Specialty Coffee, tasted and rated by certified coffee professionals to ensure a flawless cup with desirable taste qualities.


Feeding your machine bad water or plain tap water can ruin the machine and void warranties.

Espresso machines don’t like ‘very’ hard water, they also don't work well with distilled water (your taste buds wont like the flavor either).

Use filtered water (free of sediment, chlorine, metals, off odors) with a moderate amount of mineral content for machine health and great tasting espresso.

a short wide image of two hands carefully arranging a row of coffee-filled shot glasses on a countertop with the word Mano appearing in the center

The Skills to Pay the Bills

A great tasting espresso does not happen on its own even with the finest grinder, espresso machine, and coffee beans.

The person preparing the espresso plays a huge role as well.

a barista places a beautifully poured latte onto a saucer

Proper technique in preparation (dosing, leveling grounds, tamping, etc.) and good a brew recipe (coffee, water, time) are all under control of the barista (that’s you!).

Small missteps in preparation or brew recipe details can manifest themselves as very unpleasant flavors in the cup.

Some training and practice will go a long way to getting more enjoyment out of your home setup.


Learning the craft is a rewarding experience.

More blog posts on the details of making good espresso, steaming milk, preparing cappuccinos etc. are on the way.

We love your feedback, so if you have a specific question- or there is a topic you would like to see us explain further, leave a comment below!

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